Where is TAJIKISTAN located on the map?
Tajikistan, in long form the Republic of Tajikistan, is a mountainous country of Central Asia, without access to the sea. Its capital is Dushanbe. It borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the west. It is the only state from the former Soviet Central Asia where the dominant language is not a Turkish but Iranian language, Tajik. Tajiks, the majority ethnic group (80% of the population), belong to the family of Iranian peoples.
Tajikistan is divided into two provinces (viloyat, plural viloyatho), an autonomous province (viloyati mukhtor), and a Republican subordinate region, a province administered by the central power.
Each province is divided into districts, which are subdivided into jamoats and villages.
Tajikistan is a landlocked country with no access to the sea and the smallest country in Central Asia in terms of area. 93% of Tajik territory is made up of mountains, and more than half of the territory has an altitude above 3,000 m. Its highest point is the peak Ismail Samani, former peak Stalin, then peak of Communism, at 7,495 m.
The climate of Tajikistan is continental, the temperatures are subject to significant seasonal fluctuations. In January, the average temperature varies from +2 ° C to -2 ° C in the southwestern and northern valleys and down to -20 ° C in the Pamir highlands. July peaks range from 10 ° C to 15 ° C in the Pamir, 25 ° C to 30 ° C in the valleys. The absolute minimum recorded is -63 ° C in the Pamir (Boulounkoul) and the maximum of 48 ° C in Pyandj-Bas.
The only non-mountainous areas of Tajikistan are located at the northern tip of the country, which is linked to the important Ferghana Basin, and to the southwest in the Amu Darya Basin. The center of the country is dominated by large east-west mountain ranges, including the Alai Mountains, which prevent winter communications between the capital, Dushanbe, and the north. In the east of the country, the region of Upper Badakhshan is made up of Tibetan-type highlands, the Pamir, on the northern edge of which rise the highest peaks.
Cotton growing in Tajikistan is the source of most of the country’s current ecological problems. In addition to the desertification caused by massive wastage of water in this crop, the use of pesticides such as DDT and chemical fertilizers has exposed the agricultural population to high toxicities, whose health consequences are still present.