Where is ECUADOR located on the map?
Ecuador is a country located in South America, on both sides of the Andes Cordillera, between Colombia and Peru. The country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, where are the Galapagos Islands, which belong to the Ecuadorian territory. The country is made up of four clearly differentiated regions: Costa (Pacific coast), Sierra (Andean region) and Oriente (Amazon region), as well as the Galapagos Islands. These regions each have a climate of their own and distinct landscapes.
Its area is 283,560 km2 including 276,840 km2 of land and 6,720 km2 of water; It shares 2,010 km of border with Peru (1,420 km) to the south and east and Colombia (590 km) to the north. To the west, it has 2,237 km of coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Its altitude varies between 0 m and 6,267 m, at the top of Chimborazo.
Ecuador is divided into 24 provinces. These provinces have a governor and a provincial council elected by the people. They are autonomous in relation to the central government at the economic and social level, as well as for the use of natural resources.
Ecuador’s export economy is based primarily on four elements: banana cultivation (the world’s largest exporter), oil, cocoa and tourism.
If cocoa is in decline in other countries, this is not the case of this crop in Ecuador, which remained seventh in the list of world producers between 2011 and 2016, but far behind its rivals in Africa.
There is also a boom in the export of cut flowers, with the Quito rose being considered the most beautiful and the best preserved in the world, palm oil and the famous Panama hat. Food self-sufficiency is reached on many commodities (especially edible oils and fats, of which Ecuadorians are heavy consumers, are produced in large quantities by oil palm and soybean cultivation). In addition to the products of the land, other resources are also exploited, including fishery products and farmed shrimp, of which Ecuador is the world’s largest exporter.
According to the World Bank, poverty in Ecuador declined sharply in just a few years, from a rate of 36.7% in 2007 to 22.5% in 2014.Inequalities, as measured by the Gini index, fell from 0.55 to 0.47 between 2007 and 2014, which makes Ecuador the Latin American country to have the most strongly reduced inequalities for the observed period.