Where is IRAN located on the map?
Iran is a West Asian country, located in the Middle East. His name is Īrān in Persian. Iran is bordered to the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the southeast by the Gulf of Oman, to the southwest by the Arabian Gulf, to the west by Iraq and to the northwest by Turkey.
Iran is divided administratively into 28 provinces called ostan (ostan in Persian).
The capital and largest city of Iran is Tehran, in the north of the country. It constitutes, with its agglomeration, an important industrial and tertiary center. Then come Mechhed, a cereal center and a trading center in the north-east of the country; Isfahan, to the west, former capital of the Safavids, famous for its architectural splendours, today industrial and commercial center; Tabriz, in the northwest, center of industrial production and commerce; and Shiraz, in the southwest, agricultural and industrial center, located near the ruins of Persepolis.
Where is the country of IRAN situated?
The official language of Iran is modern Persian, or Farsi, belonging to the group of Indo-Iranian languages. Persian is spoken by 75% of the population. Kurdish, luri and baluchi, which are part of the same group, are spoken by different minorities. Azeris speak a language of Turkish origin, while Arabic is used by 2% of the population.
The Iranian climate is of the arid continental type. It is characterized by hot summers (29.4 ° C on average in Tehran in July), cold winters (2.2 ° C on average in Tehran in January), or very cold at altitude, and high thermal amplitudes.
Peripheral orogenic barriers formed by the massifs of Elbourz to the north and Zagros to the west and south, condition the aridity of the climate. The average annual rainfall is rarely greater than 250 mm (230 mm in Tehran). The contrast is great, however, between mountain slopes exposed to the prevailing winds and much more watered (up to 1500 mm at the Caspian Sea, up to 800 mm on the western Zagros) and the Iranian plateau receiving between 100 and 300 mm of precipitation per year (120 mm in Isfahan). The aridity is particularly strong in the heart of deserts, where rainfall is almost zero.
The layout of the reliefs and the climate nuances it generates therefore oppose the regions of northern and western Iran, where the humidity of the climate allows rainfed cereals to be grown in the eastern and southern regions. -est, arid or semi-arid.