Where is LIBYA located on the map?
Libya, in long form the state of Libya, is a country of Africa North being part of the Maghreb. It is bordered on the north by the Libyan Sea (Mediterranean Sea), on the west by Algeria and Tunisia, on the south by Niger and Chad and on the east by Sudan and Egypt. It covers 1,759,540 square kilometers, which places it fourth in Africa and eighteenth in the world. Its population is estimated between 6 and 8 million inhabitants. It focuses on the coast, the interior of the country being desert. Its capital, Tripoli, is also its largest city (1.8 million inhabitants), ahead of Benghazi (650,000 inhabitants), Misrata (more than 350,000 inhabitants9) and El Beïda (250,000 inhabitants).
Libyans are mostly mixed Berber-Arab culture and Sunni Muslim faith. Libya’s gross domestic product is one of the highest in Africa. Its economy is very much based on the export of oil. She is a member of, among others, the Arab League, the Arab Maghreb Union and OPEC.
Where is Libya located in Africa? Located between Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west and Tunisia to the northwest, Libya located on the coast Southern Mediterranean, ranks 4th among African countries in terms of area and 16th in the world.
Libya takes its name from a Berber tribe that was named Libou, who gave the Greek word Libyè. Traditionally, there are the regions of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan. Originally populated by Berbers, its territory was colonized during Antiquity by the Phoenicians, then the Greeks, before being conquered by the Roman Empire. In the seventh century, it was conquered by Arab armies, who spread their culture and religion. After being subjected to various kingdoms during the Middle Ages, it passed under the control of the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century. The regency of Tripoli became a real state before being directly taken over by the Ottoman Empire in 1835.
Last Ottoman possession in Africa, the current territory of Libya is conquered and colonized by the Kingdom of Italy in 1912, after the Italian-Turkish war. During the Second World War, Italian Libya was invaded and occupied by the Allies. In 1951, she proclaims her independence in the form of a monarchy headed by Idris I. In 1969, a military coup overthrew the king, and the Libyan Arab Republic was proclaimed. Since then, and for nearly 42 years, Libya is ruled by Muammar Gaddafi. In 1977, the country took the new name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and socialist. In 2011, as part of the protest movements in the Arab countries, a rebellion broke out and soon turned into a civil war: with the support of an international military intervention, the rebels overthrew Gaddafi. Libya, however, is unable, after the fall of Gaddafi, to find political stability and build the rule of law: from 2014, the country sinks into a new civil war while two governments compete for legitimacy.
Despite good potential (desert with spectacular landscapes, dense network of ancient cities well preserved, coast lending itself to seaside tourism), tourism is little developed (about 300 000 tourists in 2003 according to official statistics) because it lacks hospitality infrastructures and companies devoted to this activity.