Where is NIGER located on the map?
Niger is located in the heart of West Africa. It is bordered on the north by Algeria and Libya, on the east by Chad, on the south by Nigeria and Benin and on the west by Burkina Faso and north-west by Mali.
There is little relief in Niger, the average altitude is 350m. In the North there are high plateaus. In the West there is a mountain range, the Massif de l’Air, whose highest point is Mount Bagzane at 2022m above sea level.
One of the prides of Niger is without which the Niger River is the third longest running water of Africa after the Nile and the Congo. Indeed it reaches 2000 km long. It is the only permanent watercourse of Niger, it flows for a length of 500 km across Niger. Rivers irrigating the Niger River are only half a year old. Niger also has lakes, the most important of which is Lake Chad.
Niger is characterized by a tropical climate with two main seasons: a dry season from October to May and a rainy season from May to September. Niger is one of the hottest countries in the world, the north of the country can reach temperatures above 45 °. The country can be divided into three climatic zones: – in the north the Saharan zone represents 3/5 of the country, dry which contains rich natural resources (ores), – in the center a Sahelian zone with an average rainfall of 200 to 300 ml of rain a year, in the south the Sudanian zone which benefits from its 350 to 600 ml of water per year for the cultivation of its soils.
Niger is subdivided into 8 regions: Niamey, Agadez, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder, Diffa. The regions are divided into 35 departments.