Where is TUNISIA located on the map?
Tunisia is a country in North Africa located west of Libya and east of Algeria. Tunisia faces north and east over the Mediterranean Sea; the country is bordered on the south by Libya and on the west by Algeria.
The capital, and largest city of Tunisia, is Tunis, seaport, with a population of 1.056 million inhabitants in 2014. Other major cities are Sfax, Sousse and Bizerte.
The Mediterranean coast, 1,188 km long, is cut by many natural ports and inlets, including the gulfs of Tunis, Hammamet and Gabes. The latter is home to Djerba Island and the Kerkennah Islands.
Where is the country of TUNISIA situated?
To the north, the low foothills of the Atlas cross the country in a southwesterly / northeasterly direction. The altitude of the peaks oscillates between 610 and 1520 m. Valleys and fertile plains are tucked between the mountains of this region. The country’s only major waterway, the Medjerda, crosses the region from west to east, leading to the Gulf of Tunis. Further south, the mountains give way to a plateau whose average altitude is about 600 m. Then, the plateau gradually decreases to the south until a succession of salty depressions, known as sebkhas. They are on the edge of the Sahara Desert, which constitutes almost 40% of the surface of Tunisia.
The population has doubled in the last thirty years. However, the birth rate has been declining steadily for about 20 years, despite the arrival of many young men and women at the age of procreation. On average, women give birth to two children. This is certainly due to high school enrollment (the highest in the Maghreb countries) and the fact that since the 1960s, women have obtained the same rights as men. Added to this is the emergence of a social class composed of middle-income people living in the city, educated and wishing to have fewer children to better help them.
The climate of Tunisia, because of its long maritime facade and low altitudes, is of the Mediterranean type. Temperatures reach an average of 10.6 ° C in January and 26.1 ° C in July. The north of the country is quite well watered; the rainy season, from October to May, is relatively long. As you head south, the climate gets progressively warmer and drier.
The average annual rainfall is about 610 mm, with high variability. They decrease towards the south, and represent only about 178 mm per year in the Sahara.