Where is SUDAN located on the map?
Sudan is an African country. The country is bordered by Libya and Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Chad and the Central African Republic to the west and South Sudan to the south. The official languages of the country are Arabic, and recently (2005), English.
With an area of 1,886,068 km2, Sudan is the third largest country in Africa after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Before Sudan’s independence in 2011, Sudan was the largest country in Africa.
Sudan is a very large plain surrounded to the east and to the west by mountains. The climate is semi-arid in the South and desert in the North, with the rainy season from April to October. Southward desertification and soil erosion are rampant in the country.
Agriculture is the main local economic activity of the country, although 90% of the economic resources come from the oil contained in its soil (which explains the tensions or conflicts in this country).
The area of cultivable land in Sudan is estimated at 840 000 square kilometers. Only 18% are currently exploited. Only a peace in this country would allow it to become the breadbasket of Africa.
The main agricultural products are cotton, sesame, peanut, gum arabic of which Sudan is the world’s largest producer and sugar (the third largest sugar producing country in Africa).
Livestock, the second largest on the African continent, is at the base of an intense clandestine traffic with neighboring countries.
Oil exploitation began in the South and changes the country’s economic conditions.
The North has refineries and controls the distribution of profits.