Where is POLAND located on the map?
Poland, in the form of a long Republic of Poland, is a central European state bordering Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, Russian enclave of Kaliningrad and Lithuania to the north. Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world with a population of 38 million. It is divided into voivodeships, districts (powiat) and communes (gmina). It is a parliamentary republic whose national currency is złoty. It has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004, the Council of Europe, the Visegrád Group, the World Trade Organization and the United Nations.
Where is Poland located? Poland is a central European country, in the east of Germany. Globally, Poland is an uninterrupted plain from the Baltic Sea north to the Carpathian Mountains to the south. Inside this plain, relief variations generally go from east to west.
The Baltic coast lacks a natural harbor with the exception of the Gdansk region, Gdynia and Szczecin, in the extreme north-west. The north-eastern region, called the Masurian Lake District, is sparsely populated and devoid of agricultural and industrial resources. In the south and west of the Lake District, a vast region of plains extends from the Sudetenlands, at the Czech and Slovak borders in the south-west, to the Carpathians at the Slovak and Ukrainian borders to the south.
The country stretches for 649 kilometers from north to south and 689 kilometers from east to west. The area of Poland is 312 683 square kilometers, including inland waters. Neighboring countries are Germany in the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the south, Ukraine and Belarus in the east, Lithuania and Russia (Kaliningrad oblast) in the north-east.
Many historians locate the formation of Poland in 966, with Mieszko I. The kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025. In 1569, a political association linking this kingdom to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, through the union of Lublin, gave birth to the republic of the two Nations, an elective monarchy. This one is dissolved between 1772 and 1795 when the territory of Poland is shared between Prussia, the Russian Empire and Austria. In 1918, after the First World War, Poland regained its independence and became a republic.
Polish culture is rich: fifteen sites are classified as UNESCO World Heritage and fifty-four national historic sites are listed.
According to the calculations of the Institute of Tourism, in 2012 the number of arrivals totaled 67.4 million, including 14.8 million foreign tourists. The vast majority of tourists come from Germany, the largest country bordering Poland, with 4,520,000 arrivals in 2010. The countries of Europe and the European Union therefore logically rank first. Tourism contributes to the country’s economy. The most popular cities are Warsaw, Krakow, Wrocław, Poznań, Szczecin, Świnoujście, Gdańsk, Sopot, Gdynia, Bydgoszcz, Toruń, Lublin, Zamość, Częstochowa, Zakopane, Wieliczka and Oświęcim (Auschwitz concentration camp). According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Poland is the 16th most visited country in the world by foreign tourists, ranking in 2014.