Where is BURUNDI located on the map?
Burundi is a landlocked country with no access to the Central African Sea, located in the Great Lakes region and has a long shoreline on Lake Tanganyika. Burundi is a country in eastern Africa. Its capital is Bujumbura. The area of Burundi is 27,854 km2. The population is approximately 10,000,000 (there were nearly 4 million in 1980).
Burundi shares borders with Rwanda in the north, Tanzania in the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, with Lake Tanganyika and Ruzizi serving as a natural border with that country. Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. It is part of Great Lakes Africa.
The largest cities of the country are Bujumbura, Muyinga, Ruyigi, Gitega, Ngozi and Rutana. These cities each have more than 20,000 inhabitants. The capital Bujumbura, has more than 330,000 souls.
Burundi is largely composed of high plateaus and hills, and stands at an average altitude of 1,520 m, on the water line of the Nile and Congo. The altitude drops to the east and the southwest.
The Burundian population is divided between Hutu farmers (+ 80% of the total population) and Tutsi farmers (around 15%). Twa, group of Pygmies, represent less than 1% of the population. The inhabitants are mainly farmers who produce food crops for their consumption, but also coffee intended for export.
The climate is tropical, fresh in altitude. The average annual temperature is 21 ° C on the plateaux, and 24 ° C in the Rift Valley. The dry season extends from May to August, the country experiencing periods of drought.
Burundi was a former German colony from 1890 to 1919. After the German defeat of 1918, it is placed under Belgian mandate (which then has close to the Belgian Congo, now the Democratic Republic of Congo). Burundi becomes an independent kingdom in 1962 and a republic since 1966.