Where is ETHIOPIA located on the map?
Located in the heart of the Horn of East Africa, Ethiopia has the tenth largest area of Africa with a territory of 1,127,127 km2. Ethiopia is bordered on the north by Eritrea and Sudan, on the west by South Sudan, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, and on the south by Somalia and Kenya.
The country is composed of highlands and peripheral lowlands. The two main plateaus are crossed at their center by the great rift. On the plateaus, the altitude varies between 1800 and 4550 meters; the highest peak, the Ras Dashan reaches 4,550 meters. As for the Rift, its altitude can go down to 150 meters below sea level. A large number of streams cross the plateaus, especially the Blue Nile flowing from Lake Tana. The central and northern highlands gradually descend to the Sudan lowlands to the west while the southern plateau descends to the arid and semi-arid plains of Somalia to the southeast.
The temperate climate on the highlands and warm in the lowlands favor the development of a very diverse fauna and flora.
Ethiopia is a federal state subdivided into ethno-linguistic-based regional states and chartered cities. This system of administrative regions was replaced by the provinces of Ethiopia in 1992 under the Transitional Government of Ethiopia and was formalized in 1995 when the current Constitution of Ethiopia came into force.
The regions are each governed by a regional council whose members are directly elected to represent districts (woreda). Each council has a president, who is elected by the council. The regions also have an executive committee, whose members are selected by the council of the councilors. Each region has a sector bureau, which implements the mandate and reports to the executive committee.
Where is the country of ETHIOPIA situated?
There are currently nine regional states and two chartered cities, the latter being the country’s capital Addis Ababa, and Dire Dawa, which was chartered in 2004. Being based on ethnicity and language, rather than physical geography or history, the regions vary enormously in area and population, the most notable example being the Harari Region, which has a smaller area and population than one of the chartered cities. When they were originally established in 1992, the United Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region later in 1992, followed the first elections of regional councils on June 21 1992.
The word “kilil” more specifically means “reservation” or “protected area”. The “kilil” has drawn fierce criticism from those in opposition to the ruling party who have drawn comparisons to the bantustans of apartheid South Africa.
With 681,000 visitors in 2013 against 468,000 in 2010, tourism has grown significantly in recent years in Ethiopia. But the country is far from being the first tourist destination in Africa, compared to 10 million visitors in South Africa and 9 million 500,000 who visited Morocco in 2013.
The choice of “best tourist destination” this year is not a coincidence for Ethiopia. The European Council on Tourism and Trade wanted to highlight the richness and excellent preservation of the country’s historic monuments.
In this respect, the offer is particularly rich and diversified: Addis Ababa, “New Flower” in Amharic, and its ancient palaces; Lalibela, the monastic city classified World Heritage of Humanity, famous for its 11 churches carved in the rock in the twelfth century; Bahar Dar; Lake Tana and its 37 islands, the ruins of the city of Aksum, which represent ancient Ethiopia. There is also the historic walled city of Harar Jugol and its 82 mosques, three of which date from the 10th century (the walls surrounding this sacred city were built between the 13th and 16th centuries).
For the Ethiopian government, after agriculture and industry, tourism is the third-largest engine of the country’s economic growth. For 2015-2016, this growth is estimated between 8.6% and 10.5%.