Where is COLOMBIA located on the map?
Colombia, in long form the republic of Colombia, is a unitary constitutional republic comprising 32 departments. Colombia is located in northwestern South America; it is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and Panama, on the north by the Caribbean Sea, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, on the south by Ecuador and Peru. Colombia is the 26th largest country by area and the 4th largest in South America. With more than 49 million inhabitants, Colombia is the 28th most populous country in the world and the 2nd most Spanish-speaking country after Mexico. Colombia is a medium power, the 4th largest economy in Latin America, and the 3rd largest in South America. The production of coffee, flowers, emeralds, coal and oil forms the main sector of the Colombian economy. HSBC believes that Colombia could become one of the world’s largest economies by 2050.
Colombia now covers a territory that was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples including Muiscas, Quimbayas and Tayronas. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and began a colonization resulting in the creation of the kingdom of New Granada and the Viceroyalty of New Granada (including the current countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, North-West Brazil and Panama ), with its capital in Bogota. The independence of Colombia is acquired in 1819, but in 1830 Colombia collapses with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador. The future countries of Colombia and Panama form the Republic of New Granada. The new nation made the experiment of federalism by becoming the Confederation grenadine (1858), then the United States of Colombia (1863), before becoming again a country centralized under the current name of republic of Colombia in 1886. Panama secedes in 1903 following the Thousand Days War (1899-1902). Colombia is the first constitutional government in South America and a major promoter of Pan American organizations, first by the Panamanian Congress and later as the founder of the Organization of American States. The Liberal and Conservative parties, founded respectively in 1848 and 1849, are two of the oldest political parties still active in America.
Colombia is ethnically diverse. The interaction between the descendants of the first indigenous inhabitants, the Spanish settlers, the African populations deported to the country as slaves and the immigration of the twentieth century from Europe and the Middle East, has produced a varied cultural heritage, also influenced by the great geographical variety of the country. The majority of urban centers are located in the highlands of the Andes, but Colombian territory also includes the Amazon rainforest, the Llanos and the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. Ecologically, Colombia is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world, and is considered the most megadiverse country per square kilometer.
For many years, the internal armed conflict has deterred tourists from visiting Colombia, with travel agencies warning tourists planning to visit that country. However, in recent years the number of visitors has risen sharply as a result of security improvements resulting from President Álvaro Uribe’s democratic security policy, which included a significant increase in military strength and police presence in the country. the whole country and has kept rebel groups away from big cities, roads and tourist sites that could attract international visitors. Visits by foreign tourists increased from 0.5 million in 2003 to 1.3 million in 2007, while Lonely Planet presented Colombia as one of its top ten global destinations for 2006.
In 2010, tourism in Colombia grew by 11%, according to the UNWTO Tourism Highlights of that year. In 2010, Colombia received 1.4 million foreign visitors, according to official statistics. In November 2010, the US State Department for the country said that security conditions had improved significantly in recent years and that kidnappings had been significantly reduced, but cautioned travelers against persistent threats of terrorism and the dangers of common crime, including the taking of hostages. The rise in homicide rates in Medellín and Cartagena has also been highlighted and US citizens have been invited to travel from one city to another by air rather than using land transport.