Where is BRAZIL located on the map?
Brazil, in long form the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest state in Latin America. Brazil is the fifth largest country on the world map, behind Russia, Canada, the United States and China. With an area of 8,514,876 km2, the country covers almost half of the territory of South America (47.3%), sharing borders with Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France (by Guyana), all the countries of the continent except Chile and Ecuador. The country has a population of 209 million. A former Portuguese colony, Brazil’s official language is Portuguese, while most Latin American countries have an official language of Spanish.
Where is Brazil located? Brazil shares land borders with Uruguay in the south, Argentina and Paraguay in the southwest, Bolivia and Peru in the west, Colombia in the northwest and Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana to the north. Because of its size, Brazil shares a common border with all South American countries, with the exception of Ecuador and Chile. The Brazilian territory also includes a number of islands or islets, such as Fernando de Noronha, Atoll das Rocas, the islands of St. Peter and St. Paul and the archipelago of Trindade and Martin Vaz. Its size, its relief, its climate and its natural resources make Brazil a geographically diversified country.
Its territory can schematically be divided into two main zones: the north-west half of the country consists of the Amazon basin, covered by the equatorial forest while the south-east is a region of plateaus and mountains, covered with savannahs and forests. This rapid division, however, should not obscure the diversity of biomes in the Brazilian territory, from the rainforests of the Amazon basin to the flooded meadows of the Pantanal and the semi-arid savannahs of Sertão to coastal mangroves.
In 2017, according to the IMF, Brazil’s GDP is US $ 2,054 billion, making it the eighth largest economy in the world. Considered a major emerging power, the country is a member of the United Nations, Mercosul, G20 and BRICS. On the military side, the Brazilian army ranks among the top twenty military powers and remains the largest in the American continent, behind that of the United States. Despite the size of its economy, Brazil remains one of the countries with some of the highest social and economic inequalities in the world. In 2017, Brazil is the third most unequal country in Latin America after Honduras and Colombia. With China, India or Russia, Brazil is considered one of the few countries to present the potential to become a world superpower.
The Brazilian population is characterized by a large ethnic and cultural diversity: according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), there are 47.7% of Whites, 43.1% of Metis, 7.6% of Blacks and about 2% of Asians and Indians in Brazil. A large number of Brazilians have ancestors from European countries, mainly from Portugal, then from Italy, Germany or Spain. The majority of black Brazilians come from sub-Saharan Africa, mainly Angola. Like its neighbors, Brazil is a predominantly Christian country (89%). With 123 million followers, it is the second-largest Christian nation in the world (behind the United States, where the majority of the population is Protestant) and the Catholic First Nation.
Rich in natural resources, Brazil has been identified as a new oil power. Huge pre-salt oil deposits have been discovered in the Santos and Campos basins off Rio de Janeiro. Recoverable reserves have constantly been re-estimated on the rise: in 2013, they are estimated at 106 billion barrels according to the IEA, “is more reserves discovered in Brazil than in any other country” underlines l ‘OUCH.