Angola is an African country, located at the crossroads of Central and Southern Africa.
Angola is divided into 18 provinces, divided into councils and communes. The provinces are: Bengo, Benguela, Bié, Cabinda, Kwando-Kubango, North Kwanza, South Kwanza, Kunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda North, South Lunda, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uíge, Zaire.
Luanda, the capital, is by far the most populous city of the paus. Among the provincial capitals, Huambo, located in the highlands, is less populated (20 000 inhabitants in 1983) than Benguela (155 000 inhabitants), on the coast.
Where is the country of ANGOLA situated?
Angola is the seventh country in Africa in terms of area: the country covers 1,246,700 km2, including the enclave of Cabinda (7,270 km2) located north of the mouth of the Congo, between the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo. With the exception of the Cabinda enclave, Angola has the appearance of a massive quadrilateral stretching from the 4th to the 18th parallel. Most of the country is formed by a vast plateau, which descends steeply from east to west towards the Atlantic Ocean. The coastal plain stretches from north to south for nearly 1,600 km. 25 to 150 km wide, it is fertile and cultivated, except south of Moçãmedes, where begins the desert of the same name. The vast Angolan plateau covers nearly two-thirds of the country, with an average altitude of 1,000 to 1,520 m. In the center of the country, the plateau of Bié is higher; the highest point of the country is in Huambo, at Morro Moco Mountain (2,620 m).
The climate here is tropical. There are three main climate zones. A tropical wetland in the north extends from the enclave of Cabinda to Ambriz, passing through Luanda, to Malanje and the Orient. A dry temperate zone is located in the central and southern part of the plateau, which attracted many Europeans during the time of colonization. Thus, the annual average temperature in Huambo (formerly Nova Lisboa), a town located at 1,701 m above sea level, is 19 ° C, and there are sometimes frozen frosts in this area in winter. Finally, a semi-desert and desert area covers the entire south of the country, from Moçãmedes, between the plateau and the Namibian border. In the tropics, there are no intermediate seasons. The dry season (Cacimbo) lasts from September to April. In Luanda, the average temperature hovers between 18 and 23 ° C in August, and between 24 and 30 ° C in March. The cold marine current of Benguela, due to the trade winds, which, by blowing seaward and bringing in the surface waters, causes a rise of the underlying waters along the coasts (phenomenon of upwelling), softens the temperatures of the coastal region and dries up the climate, especially in the south. Annual rainfall ranges from 800 mm in the Luanda region to 51 mm at the edge of the Namib Desert. On the central plateau, cooler, precipitation varies between the north, more watered (1,500 mm), and the south (750 mm).