Where is SYRIA located on the map?
Syria is a country in the Middle East, located in the south-west of the Asian continent. In Arabic, it is called Sūrīyah. Syria is bordered on the north by Turkey, on the east by Iraq, on the south by Jordan and Israel and on the west by Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.
In addition to the municipality of Damascus, Syria is divided into 13 governorates (called mouhafazas). The population of Damascus, capital of the country, was estimated at 2.2 million inhabitants in 2003. The other major cities are Aleppo in the north of the country, Homs in the center, and the port of Latakia.
The country occupies an area that belongs to the Fertile Crescent and stretches 830 km from east to west and 740 km from north to south. The Mediterranean facade is 160 km long.
Where is the country of SYRIA situated?
In the north of the country, the narrow coastal plain is separated from the rest of the country by the Jebel Ansariya or Alawite mountains (culminating at 1,583 m), which extends the Anti-Lebanon, where Mount Hermon is located, the most high country top (2,814 m). This mountain range borders the vast depression of Ghab. For a long time, this relief only offered a single point of passage, the gap of Homs.
Three isolated mountain ranges cross the country obliquely, from south-west to north-east, from Hermon. To the south-east rises the volcanic massif of Jebel Druze. Between it and Hermon is the Golan Heights, occupied by Israel since 1967. The rest of the country consists of a vast steppe plateau to the north, desert to the south and east with the desert of Syria.
The Euphrates, the longest of the rivers of Syria, crosses the country diagonally; from the mountains of Asia Minor, in Turkey, where it takes its source, it then continues its course towards Iraq, to the east. It receives, four-fifths of its course, on its left bank, Khabour, which irrigates the fertile plain of Djesireh. The Orontes, born in the chain of Lebanon, flows towards the north, watering in its passage the Ghab, below Jebel Ansariya. The Barada waters the oasis (ghouta) of Damascus while Sinn and Nahr al-Kabir drain the coastal plain.
Syria’s long-established agricultural water resources have been the focus of development programs in recent decades. A major dam on the Euphrates in the north has given birth to Assad Lake, now the largest in the country.
With the exception of the coastal plain, which enjoys a Mediterranean climate, the climate is continental and dry. The rains are stopped by the mountain barrier overlooking the plain. Winters are cold (4.4 ° C in Aleppo in January) and very hot summers (30.8 ° C in Tadmor, on the edge of the Syrian Desert in August). Annual rainfall varies from 510 to 1,020 mm in coastal areas, from 255 to 510 mm between Aleppo and Damascus and from 25 to 127 mm in the desert.