Where is ROMANIA located on the map?
Romania is a state in South-Eastern Europe, the seventh most populous country in the European Union and the ninth largest in terms of area. The country’s geography is structured by the Carpathians, the Danube and the Black Sea coast. Located on the borders of south-eastern Europe and central and eastern Europe, Romania is bordered by Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria and Serbia.
The land area of Romania is 237 499 km2, the 79th largest in the world and the 12th largest in Europe. Its water surface is 39 940 km2, including 892 km2 of inland waters (river and limans), 4,487 km2 of territorial waters (12 nautical miles from the coast), 4,460 km2 of contiguous waters (24 nautical miles from the coast) and 101 km2 of exclusive economic zone. The judgment of the International Court of Justice of 3 February 2009 also awarded Romania 9 700 km2 of exclusive economic zone in the Black Sea, but, on the other hand, the country has definitively lost the Isle of Serpents, attributed to the Ukraine (it had been occupied by the USSR in 1948).
The position of Romania gives it a continental climate, marked in Wallachia and Moldavia, more moderate in Transylvania. Long and sometimes severe winters (December to early March), hot summers (June to early September), and extended autumn (September to November) are the main seasons, with a rapid transition from spring to summer . The climate is less contrasted near the Black Sea: we speak of Pontic influences.
There is sometimes heavy rainfall in autumn. Deforestation and a very carefree urbanism of environmental considerations, have accentuated the contrasts, both thermal and rainfall, so that alternating heat wave / frost and drought / flooding have taken place. Temperatures are generally higher in the city: if, in the “Vlach Plain”, the average temperature in January is generally -8 ° C and the average temperature in July is 24 ° C, in Bucharest on the other hand, where for forty massive concrete and glass constructions proliferate at the expense of suburban areas and gardens, averaging -2 ° C in winter, and 29 ° C in summer, with peaks becoming more frequent at 35 ° C or 40 ° C.
After rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, the Romanian economy has focused mainly on services, production and export of automobiles and energy, with companies such as Dacia and Petrom. The country has been a member of NATO since 2004 and of the European Union since 1 January 2007.