Where is QATAR located on the map?
Qatar or Katar, in long form Qatar State, is a small emirate of the Middle East with an area of 11,586 km2. Qatar is located on a small peninsula extending into the Persian Gulf and connected to the Arabian Peninsula to the south, where it has a land border with Saudi Arabia. Its capital is Doha, or Ad-Dawha. The official language is Arabic, and the currency the Qatari riyal.
Qatar is the fourth largest natural gas producer in the world after the United States, Russia and Iran; it has become the leading exporter of liquefied natural gas. The country is also an oil producer, but of average size. He was a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) between 1961 and 2018. He has been an associate member of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) since 13 October 2012 without having been a observer.
Where is Qatar located? Qatar is an 11,586 km2 peninsula located on the southern shore of the Persian Gulf. It borders Saudi Arabia to the south and is bordered by the Gulf of Bahrain to the west, it shares a maritime border with Bahrain to the northwest. The country extends over 160 km in length and 80 km in its widest width. Its 563 km of coast were until the twentieth century the source of its main riches, drawn from fishing and pearl oysters.
Most of the Qatari Peninsula is a barren plain covered with sand. To the south-east is Khawr al Udayd or the “Inland Sea”. The country is mostly flat. Its highest point is Qurayn Abu al Bawl. It is located in Jebel Dukhan and hardly exceeds 90 m. It is in this sector that we find Qatar’s main onshore oil deposits, while the natural gas fields are offshore, to the north-west of the peninsula.
Qatar hosts the Middle East’s largest energy exchange, Energy City. The city will extend over 2 km2 and will host the offices of companies in the sector, as well as a myriad of services: laboratories, banks, insurance, training centers, hotels for a total construction cost of $ 2.6 billion. The reliance on gas and, to a lesser extent, oil, has prompted the Qatari authorities to move towards diversification of the economy. They intend to develop tourism and compete with Dubai, particularly with the construction of The Pearl, an artificial archipelago dedicated to tourism. Qatar is also the world’s largest emitter of CO2 per capita, with a per capita emission three times higher than that of the United States. Qatar’s GDP per capita is one of the highest in the world. Qatar’s Nominal GDP, with GDP estimated at 173 billion in 2012, is however far behind the ten great powers that are (in order) the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Russia, India, and Italy. It is also behind medium-sized powers like Colombia, Argentina, Nigeria, Indonesia or South Africa. As a result, Qatar ranks only 50th among the economic powers.
Qatar’s economy depends largely on a large foreign labor force working mainly in the construction sector. Qatar’s GDP has more than tripled in five years, reaching $ 173 billion in 2013. In addition, the country generates very comfortable financial surpluses, which allows it to launch large industrial programs. Hydrocarbons employ 38% of the population and generate 60% of GDP, the services sector (tourism, construction) employs 59% of the population.