Where is BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA located on the map?
Bosnia and Herzegovina comprises the two historic entities of Bosnia (the 80% north of the state) and Herzegovina (the southern 20% of the state).
Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of the Balkan region in south-eastern Europe. It shares a 932 km border with Croatia to the north, west and south (Dubrovnik-Neretva county), another 357 km border with Serbia to the east and finally a 249 km border with Croatia. Montenegro to the south. The country is almost entirely isolated, except for 20 km of coast around the city of Neum which allow him to reach the Adriatic Sea.
Where is the country of BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA situated?
Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the Balkans and has a small opening of about 20 km on the Adriatic Sea via the city of Néum. One third of its land consists of woodland, the rest is mountainous (Dinaric Alps). The highest mountain is in the Maglic mountain range (2,386 m). There are also some low plains in the north of the country. The country has many rivers including Una and its tributary Sana, Vrbas, Bosna and Drina.
The country’s name comes from its two main regions, Bosnia to the north and Herzegovina to the south. It is separated into three largely autonomous entities from the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina whose capital is Sarajevo is populated mainly by Croats and Bosnians and is itself divided into cantons which include municipalities. The second entity, the Serbian Republic of Bosnia has Banja Luka as its capital and is populated mainly by Bosnian Serbs. It does not include any other administrative subdivision than the municipalities. Finally, in the north-east of the country, Brčko District is neutral and independent, managed jointly by the Mayor of Brčko and the UN High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia also includes several historic regions, including Bosanska Krajina, Bosanska Posavina, Semberija and Podrinje.
The country is no longer this no man’s land riddled with antipersonnel mines. It is a country that lives again, with scars certainly, but that reappropriates what has for centuries made its originality: its multiculturalism.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only country in Europe where, in the same street, the eye still clings successively to a minaret, an orthodox or catholic bell tower, a synagogue wall … The confessions decline the various identities.
Conquered by the Slavs in the 7th century and then by the Ottomans in the 14th century, the region, crossroads of East and West, was forged at the confluence of these two great peoples. The borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina continued to move until the late nineteenth-century expansion of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Despite the recent war and its destruction, despite the creation of two political entities within Bosnia and Herzegovina (one Serbian, the other Bosnian-Croat), the mixed heritage is visible everywhere. Positive sign, mosques were rebuilt in Republika Srpska, and Orthodox churches renovated in the south, in the Croato-Bosnian Federation.
Ancient territorial conflicts have piquet the country of fortresses and castles. And in the old centers, the 15th and 16th century mosques, the churches, the madrassas and the old Ottoman houses unfold a story as turbulent as it is surprising.
What makes the charm of Bosnia and Herzegovina, however, is not only its cultural contrasts and built heritage. We also discover wild spaces: primary forest, karst with holes in caves and canyons, tumultuous rivers with emerald waters, waterfalls and cascades in shambles, high pastures…
Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of beautiful and interesting place to go for your trip in Europe.