Where is PORTUGAL located on the map?
Portugal is a country in southwestern Europe located on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula and belonging to the European Union.
Portugal is bordered to the north and east by Spain, and to the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean, where are the Portuguese archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira.
Continental Portugal is composed of five regions: North, Center, Lisbon, Vale do Tejo, Alentejo, Algarve.
And eighteen districts: Braga, Braganza, Porto, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real (North region); Aveiro, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Guarda, Leiria, Viseu (Center region); Lisbon, Santarém, Setúbal (Lisbon – Tagus Valley); Beja, Evora, Portalegre (Alentejo); Faro (Algarve). The archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores have the status of autonomous regions.
Where is the country of PORTUGAL situated?
The largest city in the country is by far the capital, Lisbon, which is also Portugal’s main port. Then come Porto, second city and second port of the country, to the north; Coimbra, a city of great academic tradition; Setúbal, port and important industrial center in the Lisbon region.
The official language is Portuguese, which is generally divided into three groups: Galician and the dialects of Trás-os-Montes and Entre-Douro-e-Minho, spoken in the north; the dialects of Beira, spoken in the center; the dialects of Extremadura, Alentejo and Algarve, spoken in the south.
The total area of Portugal is 92,345 km². The country, with a length of 561 km and a maximum width of 218 km, is essentially a medium mountain country. Its physical aspect is closely linked to that of the Iberian plateau (Meseta) which covers the whole of the Peninsula. The country is divided into two very distinct regions: the North and the South, separated by the Tagus River.
In the north of the Tagus, the altitude frequently exceeds 1000 m, and the mountainous reliefs, among which the granitic massif of the Serra da Estrela which culminates at la Torre (1 993 m), delimit the highland regions of the north. East (Trás-os-Montes, Alto Douro), pierced by deep valleys. The plateaus of the Beira Baixa, descending to the Tagus in the east of the country, are lower.
On the west coast of Portugal, Extremadura, with its hills and small massifs, ensures the transition with the landscapes of the South, with the lower reliefs. Here follow chains (Serra de Mamede, Serra de Monchique) and plateaus (high and low Alentejo), which isolate from the rest of the country the extreme south of the territory, the Algarve, set of limestone plateaus, plains and valleys.