Where is GUATEMALA located on the map?
Guatemala is a country in Central America. It is located in the south of Mexico. To the east lies the Atlantic Ocean, to the west the Pacific.
Guatemala is a Central American country bounded on the west by Mexico, on the east by Belize and the Caribbean Sea (Gulf of Honduras), on the south-east by Honduras and El Salvador, and south by the Pacific Ocean. The country has a total area of 108,889 km2 and its capital is Ciudad Guatemala.
The Guatemalan territory is crossed from east to west by the Sierra Madre mountain range of volcanic origin, whose highest point is the Tajumulco volcano (4,211 m). The highlands of the Center are opposed to the coastal plains of the Pacific side, as well as to the warm Peten, a limestone plateau covering the northern third of the country, where there is a dense tropical forest.
Most of the country’s volcanoes are extinct, but earthquakes are frequent near the volcanic belt (more than 20,000 victims in 1976). The most important rivers in Guatemala are Motagua, Usumacinta, which forms part of the border with Mexico, Chixoy and Sarstún, forming part of the border with Belize. The two main lakes are Lake Izabal, which communicates with the Caribbean Sea, and the large Lake Petén Itzá (100 km2), in the center of the Petén region.
The climate of Guatemala has temperatures varying considerably with altitude. Above 1000 m, the days are mild and the nights cool. The average annual temperature is around 20 ° C. The climate of the coastal plains is more tropical with an average annual temperature of 28 ° C. The wet season runs from May to October.
The fauna includes deer, monkeys and peccaries, especially in the lowlands. Other wild animals (jaguar, tapir, cougar) live in small numbers, and crocodiles populate some streams. The birds are extremely numerous. The quetzal with sumptuous plumage is the bird symbol of Guatemala.
The soil, generally very fertile, is the main resource of Guatemala, essentially agricultural country. Nevertheless, there are oil slicks (exploited since 1975) in Petén, as well as nickel, lead, zinc, copper, antimony and tungsten. Finally, there are small deposits of uranium and mercury. The dense forest supplies valuable wood for export and locally consumed products.
Agriculture, which employs about 55% of the labor force, remains the country’s leading economic activity.
Guatemala’s agriculture is dual: coffee, bananas, cotton and sugar cane, produced on large farms on the Pacific coast, are destined for export. To these latifundia are opposed the small properties which are dedicated to the unproductive food crops (corn, beans, rice, wheat) and to the breeding.
Silviculture is an important sector of the economy, with Guatemala’s forests producing wood for cabinetry, balm, chicle (used in the manufacture of chewing gum) and oils. The monetary unit of Guatemala is the quetzal, divided into 100 centavos.
Guatemala is a beautiful country. Abundant colors, grandiose landscapes, a unique cultural richness, adorable and smiling people who apply this letter to the letter: “una sonrisa para el turista”.
Many travelers visiting Mexico take the opportunity to explore neighboring Guatemala. But Guatemala deserves a trip all by itself as there is something to discover!
The vast majority of the inhabitants descend directly from the Mayans. The costumes worn in Indian villages are particularly rich in color. The Indians have kept their language, their customs, their folklore almost intact, even in the tourist areas.
An extraordinary archeological site: Tikal, in the heart of the Peten Jungle; one of the most beautiful lakes in the world: Atitlan, at the foot of one of the innumerable volcanoes of the country; quaint and colorful markets like Chichicastenango … these are all elements that make a trip to Guatemala an unforgettable experience.