Where is ZIMBABWE located on the map?
Zimbabwe covers an area of 390,759 km². The country occupies part of the great plateau of southern Africa. Entirely formed of highlands, the country is crossed from north to south by a geological curiosity the Great Dyke (the great vein), an outcrop of intrusive rocks rich in minerals which culminates at 1,525 m altitude and s stretches for nearly 500 km. Its flanks slope gently down to the Zambezi valleys, which form the border to the north, and the Limpopo, the natural border to the south.
Another mountain range, 2,592 m high at Mount Inyanga, runs along the eastern border. Lake Kariba, the reservoir of the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi, marks the border with Zambia. South of Bulawayo, the Matopo Hills peak at 1,543 m.
Where is the country of ZIMBABWE situated?
Zimbabwe is a southern African state of 390,000 km2. Its capital is Harare, English is officially spoken there and the national currency is the Zimbabwe dollar.
From the third to the sixteenth centuries the country is occupied by the Bushmen and then by the Bantu. In the Middle Ages, Zimbabwe is one of the most powerful kingdoms in Africa, the kingdom of Monomotapa, which establishes its capital in Zimbabwe, now a remarkable archaeological site that gave its name to the country. In 1895, under British rule, Rhodesia was born, consisting of Zambia in the north and present Zimbabwe in the south. In 1923, Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) became a Crown colony with internal autonomy. Around 1953, at the instigation of whites who left Europe during the Second World War, a federation was created, uniting Nyasaland and the two Rhodesias. In 1965, Ian Smith proclaimed the independence of Rhodesia unilaterally and then established the Rhodesian Republic in 1970.
Ian Smith’s policy is modeled on that of South Africa and apartheid. The internal opposition is strong and, from 1972, the guerrilla (supported by Mozambique) forced Ian Smith to form a multiracial government in 1979. In 1980, Zimbabwe acquires its definitive independence and Robert Mugabe becomes president.
From 1990, Robert Mugabe hardens the regime and begins to persecute the whites. By 2000, white-owned farms are expropriated. There followed a political and agrarian crisis that starved the country and put it on the Commonwealth bench. In 2005, hundreds of thousands of political opponents in the shantytowns of Harare saw their homes destroyed and forced to emigrate.
Zimbabwe, located in a tropical region, enjoys a relatively moderate climate due to the altitude: almost the whole country is located at more than 300 m of altitude. The rainy season, hot, extends from October to March. The average temperature varies from 15.6 ° C in July (winter) to 21.1 ° C in January (summer). The annual rainfall of about 700 mm per year, in the least watered part, reaches 890 mm on the highest reliefs.