Where is TOGO located on the map?
The population, mainly composed of farmers, fishermen and herders, lives mainly in villages. Lome, the capital, on the border with Ghana, is the largest city in the country. Then, in descending order, the cities of Sokodé, Lama-Kara and Kpalimé; Aného is an old trading post, set near the canal allowing the lake Togo to pour into the sea but inaccessible to ships.
The city of Lomé has given its name to a series of agreements governing economic relations between the European Community (current European Union) and developing countries. The first agreements, signed at Lomé in 1975 with forty-six countries of the third world under the name of Lomé conventions and more commonly called Lomé I, were followed by a Lomé II and a Lomé III, etc., enlarging each time the range of countries by being part of and adapting to developments in the construction of Europe and the world economy.
Where is the country of TOGO situated?
Stretching over 550 km from north to south for a width not exceeding 130 km, Togo covers an area of 56,785 km².
The coastal region consists of a narrow window on the Gulf of Guinea, beaten by a strong bar. A sandy coastline a few hundred meters wide separates this hostile coast, where only fishermen come to pull their canoes, from an area of lagoons where Lake Togo is located (Miayi To Godo, “we will go beyond the hill “), which gave the country its name.
It is there that lives a population practicing the fishing (in sea and in lagoon), the agriculture and the trade. They lives in small towns, such as Lomé, the capital, and Aného, crossed by the main coastal road that runs along the Gulf of Guinea between sea and lagoon. The area following the lagoons, of sedimentary nature, rises slowly from 60 to 200 m.
It is also a “bar ground” (barro, clay in Portuguese) rich and populated, as in neighboring Benin. It comes knocking against the mountainous barrier that crosses the country in the north-east / south-west direction. This ancient and eroded massif, with an average altitude of 600 to 800 m, rises to 986 m at Mount Agou in the South-West. The mountains of Togo, in the center, extend towards the north by the Bassari plateau and the heights dominating Lama-Kara to join the massif of Atakora in Benin.
These reliefs give birth to the main rivers that water the country, including the Mono River, which marks the border with Benin in its lower course, and its tributaries, Anié and Ogou. They form the watershed of the Volta and Oti basins, which crosses the northern part of Togo and follows the border with Ghana.
Togo has a subequatorial climate in the south and sub-Sahelian in the north, with average annual temperatures between 27.2 ° C and 30 ° C on the coast.
The South is subject to two rainy seasons, from April to July and from October to November, with annual rainfall not significant for the region (700 to 800 mm in Lomé) due to a microclimate. On the other hand, the North is subjected to an almost Sahelian climate with a long dry season marked by the harmattan (dry wind of the North-East loaded with Saharan dust) and a single rainy season, from April to July, responsible for precipitations mountains (1,700 mm annually).