Where is SCOTLAND located on the map?
Scotland is one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom, occupying the north of Great Britain, and also comprising a group of small archipelagos among which the Hebrides, Orkney or Shetland. The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state until May 1, 1707, when the Union Act united it to the Kingdom of England to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. Scotland is one of six Celtic nations.
Its capital, financial and administrative center, is Edinburgh, but the largest city is Glasgow, which is historically the most industrial city of the country. Other major cities are Aberdeen and Dundee, followed by Stirling, Perth and Inverness.
Scotland’s economy is closely linked to that of the United Kingdom and is essentially based on a capitalist system with little intervention by the state. After the industrial revolution, the Scottish economy is dominated by shipbuilding, mining and iron and steel. Scotland’s participation in the British Empire has allowed it to export its production around the world. But heavy industry declined in the latter part of the twentieth century. Scotland experienced the same industrial crisis in the mid-1970s as Wales and Northern England. The old industries, mining, coal, iron and steel, are victims of their aging and global competition, leading to a remarkable transformation of the economy of Scotland, now based on technology and services. The 1980s saw the development of the Scottish Silicon Valley: Glen Silicon (Glen, Scottish Valley) between Glasgow and Edinburgh, home to many large technology companies that came to Scotland. Today, the technology industry employs 41,000 people. Scotland-based companies specialize in information systems, defense, electronics and semiconductors in some industrially stricken areas. Economic growth in Scotland on average was higher than that of Britain as a whole and was less affected by the recession of the early 1990s than many other regions. This is also due to the development of the oil industry in some areas industrially affected.
There is also a particularly dynamic and growing development and electronics design sector, based on its links with universities and local companies. Note the presence of multinationals such as National Semiconductor, IBM or Motorola.
The other major sectors of Scotland’s economy are: banking and financial services, education, entertainment, biotechnology, transportation, oil, gas, whiskey, and tourism.
Fortresses, mansions and mansions, often located in exceptional locations, proudly display their ghosts, such as the famous Fernie Castle and the no less known Kilconquhar Castle and Dalhousie Castle, north of Edinburgh. Most of them welcome tourists who are in need of thrills for role play nights. Ghosts and Wandering Spirits are Now Tracked by Scientists at the University of Edinburgh’s Parapsychology Study Group: Spectrum Appearances in a Corridor, Photographic Abnormalities and Physical Contacts Are Analyzed by Increasing Recording Methods sophisticated.