Where is MEXICO located on the map?
Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America.
Mexico is a member of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA, or “TLCAN” in Spanish, “NAFTA” in English).
Bordered to the south by Guatemala and Belize, and to the north by the United States of America, it is bordered on the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. It is the fourteenth country in area, approximately 2 million km2.
With an estimated population of 130.5 million in May 2018 by the United Nations, Mexico is the eleventh most populous country in the world. More than 98% of Mexicans speak Mexican Spanish, and more than 7 million (about 6%) speak an indigenous language; Mexican law has recognized them as national languages since 2003 (es), but none has the status of official language. Politically, Mexico is a federal constitutional republic with a presidential regime composed of 32 federative entities, 31 of which have the status of State, Mexico City not having this status because of sheltering the political capital of the country.
The human presence in Mexico goes back 30,000 years before the present. After millennia of cultural development, Mesoamerican, Aridamerican and Oasesamerican cultures emerged. Before the first contacts with the Europeans, lived various civilizations, such as Olmecs, Toltecs, Zapotecs, Mayas, and Aztecs. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory from Mexico-Tenochtitlan, which became the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. After nearly 300 years of Spanish colonization, the territory began a war of independence against Spain in 1810, which in the process declared its separation in 1813 to establish Mexico, before emerging victorious in 1821. The country then known a half-century of political and financial instability, characterized by various conflicts including an attempt to reconquer by Spain in 1829, the Pastry War, a war against the United States, a civil war, a French intervention, three republics and two Empires. During the presidency of Porfirio Díaz, the country experienced a period of modernization and significant economic growth. Díaz was overthrown following a revolution in 1910, which culminated in the 1917 constitution and the establishment of the current political system.
Mexico is one of the top twenty world economic powers (fifteenth with a GDP of $ 1,149 billion in 2017). Measured in purchasing power parity, its GDP comes in eleventh place, ahead of Italy. Mexico is the ninth largest oil producer in the world and the largest producer of silver. Emerging power, global power and regional power, Mexico is the first Latin American country to join the OECD. Ranked among the newly industrialized countries, this is, according to the World Bank, a higher-middle-income country. Its economy is strongly linked to that of the United States, by its membership of NAFTA. According to the World Tourism Organization, Mexico is the main destination in Latin America and the thirteenth most visited in the world. In addition to being one of the seventeen megadiverse countries in the world (home to 10-12% of the world’s biodiversity and more than 12,000 endemic species), it has 33 cultural and natural sites listed by the World Heritage List. UNESCO in the heritage of humanity. According to the UN’s 2013 Human Development Report El ascenso del sur, Mexico’s human development index stands at 0.775 units, and ranks 61st worldwide (alongside Indonesia, Turkey, Thailand, South Africa) while in 1980 its index was only 0.598 units. Mexico is also a member of large international institutions such as the UN, the WTO and the G20.