Where is MAURITIUS located on the map?
Mauritius, in long form the Republic of Mauritius, is an island state of the Indian Ocean situated 868 kilometers east of Madagascar and 172 kilometers east-north East of Reunion. The country includes the main island of Mauritius but also Rodrigues Island 560 kilometers east of the main island. The more distant islands of Agaléga and Saint-Brandon are part of the national territory. Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands with the island of Reunion, a French overseas territory. The total area of the country is 2,040 km². The capital and largest city is Port Louis.
Former Dutch colony (1638-1710) and French (1715-1810), Mauritius became a British colonial possession in 1810 and that until 1968, year of its independence. The British colony of Mauritius once included the present territories of Mauritius, Rodrigues, the distant islands of Agaléga, Saint-Brandon, the Chagos Archipelago and the Seychelles. The Mauritian territories were gradually reduced with the creation of a specific Seychelles colony in 1903 and the excision of the Chagos archipelago in 1965.
Sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between Mauritius and the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom excised the archipelago from the Mauritian territory in 1965, three years before its independence. The United Kingdom gradually depopulated the archipelago of its native population and rented its largest island, Diego Garcia, in the United States. Access to the archipelago is prohibited for tourists, the media and its former inhabitants.
The population of Mauritius is multiethnic, multi-faith, multicultural and multilingual. The country’s government is very close to the Westministerian parliamentary system and Mauritius is highly rated in terms of democracy and economic and political freedoms. The Mauritius Human Development Index is the highest in Africa.
Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its fauna and flora, with several endemic species in the country. The island is particularly famous for the dodo, which with other endemic species, died soon after the arrival of the first human beings.
Mauritius is the only country in Africa where Hinduism is the main religion. The government uses English as the main language.
Mauritius has one of the most prosperous and competitive economies in Africa. In 2014, it is ranked first in the continent in terms of investment climate, good governance for the fifth year in a row and eighth in the world in terms of economic freedom.
According to the IMF, the estimate of GDP in 2014 was 12.025 billion dollars, GNI per capita was 9 300 dollars, one of the highest in Africa.
Mauritius is also the largest foreign investor in India, from April 2000 to December 2011, the FDI inflow to India was US $ 62,470.80 million, which represents more than 39% of total inflows.
The country is also both a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the International Organization of La Francophonie.
Having depended on sugar production since independence gained in 1968, Mauritius has experienced a rapid economic change. The island has gone from being a low-income country, whose economy was based on agriculture, to a so-called emerging country status.
Mauritius has developed a diversified economy based on important pillars such as industrial sectors, financial services, education, tourism (14% of jobs), information and communication technologies, seafood, health , renewable energies, and outsourcing business processes.