Where is BOLIVIA located on the map?
Bolivia (or the Plurinational State of Bolivia) is a country in central South America. In Spanish, the country is called Bolivia.
Bolivia is bordered on the north and east by Brazil, on the south-east by Paraguay, on the south by Argentina and on the west by Chile and Peru. Bolivia is, with Paraguay, the only South American country without access to the sea.
Sucre is the headquarters of the country’s commercial and industrial activities; La Paz is the political, economic and cultural center; both are the main cities of Bolivia. Other important cities are Santa Cruz, an important trading center; Cochabamba, located in a fertile agricultural region; Oruro, located in a mining area; Potosí, also located in a mining production area.
The country is made up of two large geographical units: the Andes Mountains to the west and the Oriente Plains to the east. Thus, the main physical feature of Bolivia is the presence of the Andean range, which extends from north to south across the western part of the country. The Andean complex is formed by two parallel bands of powerful reliefs, the Western Cordillera and the Cordillera Royal (or Eastern), which culminates with Illimani (6,462 m) and Illampu (6,500 m).
Bolivia is divided into three distinct regions: the Altiplano, or highlands region; the yungas, deep valleys, wooded and well irrigated; the llanos, or plains of Chaco. The Altiplano is located between the Western Cordillera and the Cordillera Royal. The northern part, where most of the country’s population and industry are concentrated, contains in its extremity Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. On the other hand, the southern part of the plateau is arid. The yungas are located on the eastern slopes of the Andes. The llanos, plateaus of modest altitude, occupy the region of the Bolivian Oriente and stretch east and north-east, starting from the Andean mountains. These plains consist of large grassy areas and dense tropical forests along the rivers. During the wet season (December, January and February), much of this area is transformed into swamps; however, many areas remain above water level and constitute rich pastures. In the south-east of the country are the arid and semi-tropical plains of Chaco see, which extend to Paraguay and Argentina.
The valleys and plains of the North and Northeast are drained by the river Beni and its main tributary, the Madre de Dios; by the Guaporé River, which forms part of the border with Brazil; by the river Mamoré and the río Madeira, finally. The Pilcomayo River, the main stream of southern Bolivia, flows through the plains of Chaco and empties into the Paraguay río. The Titicaca and Poopó Lakes basin is an essential part of the country’s hydrographic network and is fed by the Rio Desaguadero.